Definition: a species that is the causal agent of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, endemic in southern Mexico and Central and South America, and transmitted by various species of Lutzomyia (New World sandflies); forest rodents and other tropic arboreal animals serve as reservoir hosts. Leishmania braziliensis is currently divided into three clinically, epidemiologically, and biochemically distinct strains or subspecies: Leishmania b. braziliensis, Leishmania b. guyanensis, and Leishmania b. panamensis.
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