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Medical Term:

Kiliani-Fischer synthesis

Pronunciation: kil'e-yon'i fish'er

Definition: procedure for the extension of the carbon atom chain of aldoses by treatment with cyanide; hydrolysis of the cyanohydrins followed by reduction of the lactone yields the homologous aldose; with this method, d-glucose and d-mannose can be synthesized from d-arabinose.

Synonym(s): Kiliani-Fischer reaction

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