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ketole group

Pronunciation: ke'tol grup

Definition: Carbons 1 and 2 of a 2-ketose (HOCH2CO—); trans-ketolation from d-xylose 5-phosphate to C-1 of aldoses is important in various metabolic pathways involving carbohydrates (photosynthesis, Dickens shunt); the two-carbon unit is transferred as a,ß-dihydroxyethylthiamin pyrophosphate.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.