Pronunciation: in-o'si-tol, -tol
A member of the vitamin B complex necessary for growth of yeast and of mice; absence from the diet causes alopecia and dermatitis in mice and “spectacle eyes” in rats. It occurs in a number of stereoisomeric forms: cis-, epi-, allo-, neo-, myo-, muco-, chiro-, and scyllo-inositols; the most abundant naturally occurring inositol is myo-inositol (usually meant when “inositol” occurs without a prefix).
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.