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Medical Term:

hypoglossal nerve [CN XII]


arises from an oblong nucleus in the medulla and emerges by several root filaments between the pyramid and the oliva via the preolivary groove; it passes through the hypoglossal canal, then courses downward and forward to supply the intrinsic and four of five extrinsic muscles of the tongue.

Synonym(s): nervus hypoglossus [CN XII]TA, twelfth cranial nerve [CN XII]

© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.