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Pronunciation: hi'per-pro'li-ne'me-a

Definition: A metabolic disorder characterized by enhanced plasma proline concentrations and urinary excretion of proline, hydroxyproline, and glycine; autosomal recessive inheritance. Type I hyperprolinemia is associated with a deficiency of proline oxidase and renal disease; type II hyperprolinemia is associated with a deficiency of pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, mental retardation, and convulsions and is caused by mutation in the pyrroline 5 carboxylate gene (P5CD) on 1p.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.