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Pronunciation: hi-drol'i-sis

Definition: A chemical process whereby a compound is cleaved into two or more simpler compounds with the uptake of the H and OH parts of a water molecule on either side of the chemical bond cleaved; hydrolysis is effected by the action of acids, alkalies, or enzymes.

Synonym(s): hydrolytic cleavage

[hydro- + G. lysis, dissolution]

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