Pronunciation: glu'ta-men, -ta-min, glu-tam'in
Definition: The ?-amide of glutamic acid, derived by oxidation from proline in the liver or by the combination of glutamic acid with ammonia; the l-isomer is present in proteins, blood, and other tissues, and is an important source of urinary ammonia, being broken down in the kidney by the action of the enzyme glutaminase; nonenzymatically, it is converted to 5-oxoproline.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.
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