Definition: a diet designed for patients with renal failure; it provides small amounts of protein, primarily as essential amino acids, along with a-keto derivatives of amino acids; breakdown of protein in skeletal muscle is retarded and, because transaminase reactions are reversible, a small proportion of the ammonia released by urea breakdown is used for synthesis of nonessential amino acids.
Synonym(s): Giovannetti diet
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.