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familial hyperlipoproteinemia type III


Definition: hyperlipoproteinemia characterized by increased plasma levels of LDL, ß-lipoproteins, pre-ß-lipoproteins, cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides; hypertriglyceridemia induced by a high carbohydrate diet, and glucose tolerance is abnormal; frequent eruptive xanthomas and atheromatosis, particularly coronary artery disease; biochemical defect lies in apolipoproteins. There are many varieties, one of which is caused by mutation in the APOE gene on chromosome 19q.

Synonym(s): carbohydrate-induced hyperlipemia, dysbetalipoproteinemia, familial hyperbetalipoproteinemia and hyperprebetalipoproteinemia, familial hypercholesterolemia with hyperlipemia

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.