familial hyperlipoproteinemia type III
hyperlipoproteinemia characterized by increased plasma levels of LDL, ß-lipoproteins, pre-ß-lipoproteins, cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides; hypertriglyceridemia induced by a high carbohydrate diet, and glucose tolerance is abnormal; frequent eruptive xanthomas and atheromatosis, particularly coronary artery disease; biochemical defect lies in apolipoproteins. There are many varieties, one of which is caused by mutation in the APOE gene on chromosome 19q.
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