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Pronunciation: esh-e-rik'e-a

Definition: A genus of aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing short, motile or nonmotile, gram-negative rods. Motile cells are peritrichous. Glucose and lactose are fermented with the production of acid and gas. These organisms are found in feces; some are pathogenic to humans, causing enteritis, peritonitis, cystitis, and other disorders. It is the type genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae. The type species is Escherichia coli.

[T. Escherich, German pediatrician and bacteriologist, 1857–1911]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.