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Medical Term:

enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

Definition

strain of Escherichia coli that attaches to the duodenum or proximal small intestine mucosa, where it forms heat-stable and heat-labile toxins that activate adenylate cyclase, causing watery diarrhea. Responsible for 40–70% of traveler's diarrhea; chiefly waterborne in human feces. Most important cause of diarrhea among infants living in tropics.

© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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