- A member of a school of Graeco-Roman physicians (late BCE to early CE) who placed their confidence in and based their practice purely on experience, avoiding all speculation, theory, or abstract reasoning; they were little concerned with causes or with correlating symptoms to gain a true understanding of a disease, even holding basic knowledge, physiology, pathology, and anatomy in low esteem and of no value in practice.
- Modern: testing a hypothesis by careful observation, hence rationally based on experience.
- Founded on practical experience, rather than on reasoning alone, but not established scientifically in contrast to rational1.
- Relating to an empiric1.
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