Definition: cataract, usually bilateral, present at birth. It occurs as an autosomal recessive condition in Jersey calves. In humans approximately 25% of bilateral congenital cataracts are autosomal dominant [MIM*116200, *116700]; X-linked forms also exist [MIM*302200, *302300]. Most congenital cataracts are sporadic, some the result of prematurity, intrauterine infection, drug-related toxicity, injury, chromosomal, or metabolic disorders.
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