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collateral ligaments

 

Definition: one of a pair of ligaments occurring on the medial or lateral sides of hinge joints that typically serve a major role in uniting the articulating bones and establish the radius of movement for the joint. Terminologia Anatomica recognizes the following collateral ligaments (ligamentum/a collaterale/ia): radial and ulnar collateral ligaments of elbow joint [TA] (ligamentum collaterale radiale articulationis cubiti [TA] and ligamentum collaterale ulnare articulationis cubiti [TA]); radial and ulnar collateral ligaments of wrist joint [TA] (ligamentum collaterale carpi radiale [TA] and ligamentum collaterale carpi ulnare [TA]); collateral ligaments of the metacarpal joints (ligamenta collateralia articulationes metacarpolphalangeae [TA]); collateral ligaments of interphalangeal joints of hand (ligamenta collateralia articulationes interphalangeae manus [TA]); fibular collateral ligament (of knee joint) [TA] (ligamentum collaterale fibulare [TA]); tibial collateral ligament (of knee joint) (ligamentum collaterale tibiale [TA]); lateral ligament of ankle joint [TA] (ligamentum collaterale laterale articulationis talocruralis [TA]); medial ligament of ankle joint [TA] (ligamentum collaterale mediale articulationis talocruralis [TA]); collateral ligaments of the metatarsal joints (ligamenta collateralia articulationes metatarsolphalangeae [TA]); collateral ligaments of interphalangeal joints of foot (ligamenta collateralia articulationes interphalangeae pedis [TA]).

Synonym(s): ligamentum collateraleTA

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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