Pronunciation: klaws'trum, klaws'tra
- One of several anatomic structures bearing a resemblance to a barrier.
- A thin, vertically placed lamina of gray matter lying close to the putamen, from which it is separated by the external capsule. Claustrum consists of two parts: 1) an insular part and 2) a temporal part between putamen and the temporal lobe. Cells of the claustrum have reciprocal connections with sensory areas of the cerebral cortex.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.