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cholesterol

Pronunciation: ko-les'ter-ol

Definition: 5-cholesten-3ß-ol (cholestane with a 5,6 double bond and a 3ß-hydroxyl group); the most abundant steroid in animal tissues, especially in bile and gallstones, and present in food, especially food rich in animal fats; circulates in the plasma complexed to proteins of various densities and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atheroma formation in arteries; a precursor of steroid hormones.

See Also: lipoprotein

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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