Definition: A bacterial genus with a complex obligatory intracellular life cycle; the infective form is the elementary body that penetrates the host cell, replicating as the rediculate body by binary fission; replication occurs in a vacuole called the inclusion body; lacking peptidoglycan in cell walls. Conditions associated with Chlamydophila include pneumonitis in cattle, sheep, swine, cats, goats, and horses; bovine sporadic encephalomyelitis, enteritis of calves; (C. pneumoniae, C. pecorum subtypes); enzootic abortion of ewes (C. abortus); also affecting cats (C. felis); guinea pigs (C. caviae), and C. psittaci, the agent of psittacosis/ornithosis in psittacine and nonpsittacine birds.
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