A class of glycosphingolipid, specifically, a monoglycosylceramide (ceramide monosaccharide), the sugar being attached to the —CHOH— moiety of the sphingoid. Cerebrosides are found in the myelin sheath of nerve tissue, kerasin, nervon, oxynervon, phrenosin, these names are also used for the fatty acid involved. Cerebroside is sometimes prefixed by gluco-, galacto-, among others, in place of the correct glucosylceramide, and the like. The sulfate esters of cerebrosides are among the sulfatidates.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.