Definition: An autosomal recessive congenital disease, characterized by the presence of excess amounts of carnosine in the blood and urine and caused by a genetic deficiency of the enzyme carnosinase. Clinically characterized by progressive neurologic damage, severe mental retardation, and myoclonic seizures.
[carnosine + G. haima, blood + -ia]
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.