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Boerhaave syndrome

Pronunciation: bur'hah-ve

Definition: rupture of the esophagus caused by increased intraluminal pressure and distention during retching or vomiting; results in mediastinitis. The rupture most often occurs in the left pleural space.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.