- oxidation of the ß-carbon (carbon 3) of a fatty acid, forming the ß-keto (ß-oxo) acid analogue; of importance in fatty acid catabolism;
- the entire pathway for the catabolism of saturated fatty acids containing an even number of carbon atoms; beta-oxidation (1) is a part of this pathway; acetyl-CoA is a major product of this pathway.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.