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Pronunciation: ben′zō-in, ben′zoyn

Definition: A balsamic resin obtained from Styrax benzoin (family Styracaceae), used as a stimulant expectorant, but usually by inhalation in laryngitis and bronchitis; it retards rancidification of fats and is used for this purpose in the official benzoinated lard.

Synonym(s): gum benjamin, gum benzoin

[It. benzoino, fr. Ar. lubān jāwīy, Javan incense]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.