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basophilic leukocyte


Definition: a polymorphonuclear leukocyte characterized by the presence of numerous large, coarse, metachromatic granules (dark purple or blue-black when treated with Wright or similar stains) that usually fill the cytoplasm and may almost mask the nucleus; these leukocytes are unique in that they do not usually occur in increased numbers as the result of infectious disease, and their phagocytic qualities are probably not significant; the granules, which contain numerous primary mediators, including heparin and histamine, may degranulate in response to hypersensitivity reactions and can be of significance in general inflammation; leukocytes can also synthesize and release, ab ovo, secondary mediators from arachidonic acid precursors in their membranes.

Synonym(s): basocyte, basophilocyte

See Also: mast cell

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.