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atomic weight

 

Definition: the mass in grams of 1 mol (6.02 × 1023 atoms) of an atomic species; the mass of an atom of a chemical element in relation to the mass of an atom of carbon-12 (12C), which is set equal to 12.000, thus a ratio and therefore dimensionless (although the actual mass, numerically the same, is sometimes expressed in daltons); not necessarily the weight of any individual atom of an element, since most elements are made up of several isotopes of different masses; the atomic weight of chlorine is 35.4527, because it is composed of 35Cl and 37Cl in proportions that give an average of 35.4527.

See Also: molecular weight

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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