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antigenic shift


Definition: mutation, sudden change in molecular structure of RNA/DNA in microorganisms, especially viruses, which produces new strains; hosts previously exposed to other strains have little or no acquired immunity to the new strain; antigenic shift is believed to be the explanation for the occurrence of new strains of influenza virus, which occur by recombination or genetic reassortment of two different viral strains in a given host, and is associated with large-scale epidemics.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.