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Pronunciation: ă-krō′mă-top′sē-ă, a-krō′mă-top-sē

Definition: The complete form of achromatopsia, characterized by severe deficiency of color perception, associated with nystagmus, photophobia, reduced visual acuity, and “day blindness”; is of autosomal recessive inheritance. One form, Achromatopsia type 1, maps to chromosome 14. Achromatopsia type 2 is caused by mutation in the cone photoreceptor cGMP-gated cation channel, alpha-subunit 3 gene (CNGA3) on chromosome 2q. Achromatopsia type 3 is caused by mutation in the CNGB3 on 8q.

Synonym(s): achromatic vision, monochromasia, monochromasy, monochromatism2

[G. a- priv. + chrōma, color, + opsis, vision]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.