RYE-boe-flay-vin 5 FOS-fate
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on May 19, 2019.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Photrexa Viscous
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Ophthalmologic Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Riboflavin
Uses for riboflavin 5-phosphate
Riboflavin 5-Phosphate eye drops is a photoenhancer used in combination with the KXL® System in corneal collagen cross-linking for the treatment of progressive keratoconus and corneal ectasia following refractive surgery. Keratoconus is a degenerative eye disease that cause progressive thinning and distortion of the cornea.
Riboflavin 5-phosphate is to be given only by or under the supervision of your doctor.
Before using riboflavin 5-phosphate
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For riboflavin 5-phosphate, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to riboflavin 5-phosphate or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Photrexa® or Photrexa® Viscous in children younger than 14 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of Photrexa® or Photrexa® Viscous in geriatric patients.
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of riboflavin 5-phosphate. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Eye or corneal problems (eg, keratitis)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
Proper use of riboflavin 5-phosphate
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you riboflavin 5-phosphate. Riboflavin 5-phosphate is given as eye drops and must be used with the KXL® System only. Your doctor will perform an eye procedure after you receive riboflavin 5-phosphate.
Do not rub your eyes for the first 5 days after your eye procedure.
If the bandage contact lens that was placed on your eye falls out or becomes dislodged, do not replace it and call your doctor right away.
Precautions while using riboflavin 5-phosphate
Your doctor will check your progress closely while you are receiving riboflavin 5-phosphate. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.
Contact your doctor right away if you have severe eye pain or if you notice any sudden change in your vision after receiving riboflavin 5-phosphate.
Riboflavin 5-phosphate may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally. Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.
Riboflavin 5-phosphate side effects
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- blurred vision
- change in color vision
- decreased vision
- difficulty seeing at night
- eye pain, irritation or redness, or inflammation
- feeling of having something in the eye
- increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight
- painful irritation of the clear front part of the eye
- Drainage from the eyes
- eye discomfort
- seeing flashes or sparks of light
- seeing floating spots before the eyes, or a veil or curtain appearing across part of vision
- sensitivity of the eyes to light
- Dry eyes
- Double vision
- redness, swelling, or itching of the eyelid
- seeing double
- watering of the eyes
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More about riboflavin ophthalmic
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- En Español
- Drug class: miscellaneous ophthalmic agents