methocarbamol (Oral route)Pronunciation
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Skeletal Muscle Relaxant, Centrally Acting
Uses For methocarbamol
Methocarbamol is used to relieve the discomfort caused by acute (short-term), painful muscle or bone conditions. However, methocarbamol does not take the place of rest, exercise, physical therapy, or other treatment that your doctor may recommend for your medical problem .
methocarbamol is available only with your doctor's prescription .
Before Using methocarbamol
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For methocarbamol, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to methocarbamol or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of methocarbamol in children below 16 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of methocarbamol in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more sensitive to the effects of methocarbamol than younger adults .
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking methocarbamol, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using methocarbamol with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Chloral Hydrate
- Morphine Sulfate Liposome
- Sodium Oxybate
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of methocarbamol. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects of methocarbamol may be increased because of slower removal from the body .
- Myasthenia gravis—Use with caution. Methocarbamol may worsen this condition .
Proper Use of methocarbamol
The dose of methocarbamol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of methocarbamol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For relaxing stiff muscles:
- Adults—At first, three tablets of 500 milligrams (mg) or two tablets of 750 mg (total dose of 1500 mg) four times a day. Your doctor may decrease your dose after you begin to feel better.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .
- For relaxing stiff muscles:
If you miss a dose of methocarbamol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using methocarbamol
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that methocarbamol is working properly and to check for unwanted effects .
methocarbamol will add to the effects of alcohol and other CNS depressants (medicines that make you drowsy or less alert). Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, other allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; barbiturates; medicine for seizures; or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics. Check with your medical doctor or dentist before taking any of the above while you are taking methocarbamol .
methocarbamol may cause some people to become dizzy or drowsy. Make sure you know how you react to methocarbamol before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous.
methocarbamol may change the color of your urine. Before you have any medical tests, tell your doctor that you are taking methocarbamol .
methocarbamol Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Incidence not known
- Abdominal or stomach pain
- black, tarry stools
- changes in skin color
- chest pain or discomfort
- clay-colored stools
- dark urine
- difficulty swallowing
- fast heartbeat
- feeling of warmth
- joint or muscle pain
- large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
- loss of appetite
- loss of bladder control
- loss of consciousness
- loss of memory
- numbness or tingling of face, hands, or feet
- pain, tenderness, or swelling of foot or leg
- painful or difficult urination
- problems with memory
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- redness and soreness of eyes
- redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- relaxed and calm
- shortness of breath
- skin rash
- slow or irregular heartbeat
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth
- swollen glands
- tightness in chest
- total body jerking
- unpleasant breath odor
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- vomiting of blood
- yellow eyes or skin
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:Symptoms of Overdose
- Shaking or jerking of one area or side of the body
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Incidence not known
- Acid or sour stomach
- double vision
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- mood or mental changes
- seeing double
- sensation of spinning
- stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- trouble sleeping
- unable to sleep
- uncontrolled eye movements
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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More about methocarbamol
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- Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants