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Medications for Cervical Dystonia (Spasmodic Torticollis)

Other names: Torticollis

What is Cervical Dystonia:  Cervical dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a syndrome of abnormal muscle contraction that produces repetitive involuntary twisting movements and abnormal posturing of the neck.

Medications to treat Cervical Dystonia

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
baclofen C N X 8 reviews
6.0

Generic name: baclofen systemic

Brand names:  Lioresal, Kemstro

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Botox C N 24 reviews
7.0

Generic name: onabotulinumtoxinA systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
lorazepam Off Label D 4 X 5 reviews
7.0

Generic name: lorazepam systemic

Drug class: benzodiazepines, miscellaneous antiemetics, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Off Label: Yes

 
Lioresal C N X 2 reviews
7.0

Generic name: baclofen systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Dysport C N 2 reviews
8.0

Generic name: abobotulinumtoxinA systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Xeomin C N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: incobotulinumtoxinA systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Kemstro C N X Add review Rate

Generic name: baclofen systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
onabotulinumtoxinA C N 24 reviews
7.0

Generic name: onabotulinumtoxinA systemic

Brand name:  Botox

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 
Myobloc C N 1 review
8.0

Generic name: botulinum toxin type b systemic

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
botulinum toxin type b C N 1 review
8.0

Generic name: botulinum toxin type b systemic

Brand name:  Myobloc

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 
abobotulinumtoxinA C N 2 reviews
8.0

Generic name: abobotulinumtoxinA systemic

Brand name:  Dysport

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 
incobotulinumtoxinA C N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: incobotulinumtoxinA systemic

Brand name:  Xeomin

Drug class: skeletal muscle relaxants

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph

 

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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