OncoMed's Phase 2 Trial of Tarextumab in Small Cell Lung Cancer Does Not Meet Endpoints
REDWOOD CITY, Calif., April 17, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq:OMED), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering and developing novel anti-cancer stem cell and immuno-oncology therapeutics, today reported top-line results from the company's randomized 145-patient Phase 2 PINNACLE clinical trial of tarextumab (anti-Notch2/3, OMP-59R5) in combination with etoposide plus either cisplatin or carboplatin chemotherapy ("chemotherapy") in previously untreated patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. Results for the combination of tarextumab plus chemotherapy were undifferentiated from those of chemotherapy plus placebo, and therefore the trial did not meet its primary endpoint of progression-free survival or secondary endpoints of overall survival and biomarkers reflective of Notch pathway gene activation.
"Small cell lung cancer is a very difficult-to-treat disease and unfortunately, tarextumab did not show benefit over placebo in this Phase 2 trial," said Paul J. Hastings, OncoMed's Chairman and CEO. "We deeply appreciate the participation by the investigators and staff, patients and caregivers who all contributed to the conduct and completion of this Phase 2 clinical trial."
OncoMed also announced today that it will discontinue enrollment in the Phase 1b clinical trial of brontictuzumab (anti-Notch1, OMP-52M51) in combination with trifluridine/tipiracil (Lonsurf®) in third-line colorectal cancer patients. The combination of brontictuzumab plus chemotherapy was not tolerable in this patient population.
"Based on the events of today and last week, we will be undertaking a comprehensive portfolio prioritization review immediately," continued Mr. Hastings. "The immediate task ahead is to thoroughly examine the available data, our resources and the opportunities to re-focus our efforts. We ended the first quarter of 2017 with $156.9 million in cash and short-term investments."
The median progression-free survival (mPFS) for tarextumab plus chemotherapy was 5.6 months versus 5.5 months for chemotherapy plus placebo (HR=0.969). The median overall survival (mOS) analysis did not show a benefit for tarextumab in combination with chemotherapy (mOS=9.3 months) compared to the chemotherapy plus placebo arm (10.3 months; HR=1.01). Five individual Notch biomarkers (Hes1, Hes6, Hey1, Hey2 and Notch3) failed to identify a definitive subset of patients with a treatment effect on either mPFS or mOS. Overall response rates were 68.5% and 70.8% in the tarextumab and placebo arms respectively. The combination of tarextumab plus chemotherapy was well tolerated. The safety profile appeared to be similar between the two groups except for diarrhea and thrombocytopenia, which were more prevalent in the tarextumab treatment arm, and constipation, which was more prevalent in the placebo arm.
About the Phase 2 PINNACLE Trial
Patients enrolled in the randomized, double-blinded, multi-center PINNACLE clinical trial were randomized into two study arms and received either 15mg/kg of tarextumab every three weeks in combination with six cycles of etoposide and either cisplatin or carboplatin chemotherapy followed by tarextumab maintenance to progression or six cycles of chemotherapy and a placebo. The primary endpoint of the trial was progression-free survival. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and overall response rate, pharmacokinetics, safety and biomarker analyses. Overall survival, progression-free survival and overall response rates are also being assessed against elevated tumor expression of the Notch pathway genes Hes1, Hes6, Hey1, Hey2 and Notch3 as a secondary endpoint. The PINNACLE trial was conducted at 36 sites in the United States.
About Tarextumab (anti-Notch2/3, OMP-59R5)
Tarextumab (anti-Notch2/3, OMP-59R5) is a fully human monoclonal antibody that targets the Notch2 and Notch3 receptors. Preclinical studies suggested that tarextumab exhibits two mechanisms of action: (1) by downregulating Notch pathway signaling, tarextumab appears to have anti-cancer stem cell effects, and (2) tarextumab affects pericytes, impacting stromal and tumor microenvironment. Tarextumab is part of OncoMed's collaboration with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).
About Small Cell Lung Cancer
According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer (both small cell and non-small cell) is the second most common cancer in men and women and is by far the leading cause of cancer death. Small cell lung cancer is expected to make up about 10%-15% of the 224,390 newly diagnosed lung cancer cases and the 158,080 deaths estimated to occur in the U.S. in 2016. Small cell lung cancer tends to grow and spread quickly, and is typically not discovered until it has metastasized to other parts of the body (extensive stage). The current standard of care in treating small cell lung cancer is the chemotherapeutic etoposide in combination with either cisplatin or carboplatin. In spite of a high sensitivity to chemotherapy and remission rates of up to 80% following initial treatment, the median overall survival is less than one year for patients with extensive stage disease1.
About OncoMed Pharmaceuticals
OncoMed Pharmaceuticals is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering and developing novel anti-cancer stem cell and immuno-oncology therapeutics. OncoMed has internally discovered a deep pipeline of investigational drugs intended to address the fundamental biology driving cancer's growth, resistance, recurrence and metastasis. As part of a broad strategic alliance with Celgene Corporation, the company is developing demcizumab (anti-DLL4, OMP-21M18), navicixizumab (anti-DLL4/VEGF bispecific, OMP-305B83), rosmantuzumab (anti-RSPO3, OMP-131R10) and anti-TIGIT (OMP-313M32). OncoMed is independently developing several other therapeutic candidates while pursuing drug discovery research. For further information about OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, please see www.oncomed.com.
To the extent that statements contained in this press release are not descriptions of historical facts regarding OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, they are forward-looking statements reflecting the current beliefs and expectations of management made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, without limitation, OncoMed's intentions and expectations regarding its portfolio prioritization review; OncoMed's examination of data, resources and the opportunities to re-focus its efforts; discontinuation of enrollment in the brontictuzumab trial; and OncoMed's future presentation of full study findings. Such forward-looking statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties that could cause OncoMed's clinical development programs, future results, performance or achievements to differ significantly from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, the uncertainties inherent in the preclinical and clinical development process; OncoMed's dependence on its collaboration partners for the funding of its partnered programs; OncoMed's ability to raise additional capital to support the development of its unpartnered programs; OncoMed's reliance on third parties to conduct all of its clinical trials; OncoMed's reliance on single source third-party contract manufacturing organizations to manufacture and supply its product candidates; and OncoMed's dependence on its key executives. OncoMed undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements. For a further description of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, as well as risks relating to OncoMed's business in general, see OncoMed's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 9, 2017 and OncoMed's other current and periodic reports filed with the SEC.
Source: OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Posted: April 2017
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