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Well Child Visit At 5 To 6 Years
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A well child visit is when your child sees a healthcare provider to prevent health problems. It is a different type of visit than when your child sees a healthcare provider because he is sick. Well child visits are used to track your child's growth and development. It is also a time for you to ask questions and to get information on how to keep your child safe. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them. Your child should have regular well child visits from birth to 17 years.
Where to take your child for well child visits:
It is best to find a medical home for your child. A medical home is a doctor's office or clinic where your child sees the same healthcare providers every time. A medical home will also keep your child's health records. The healthcare providers will get to know your child and your family so they can give him the best care. They will also make sure he receives vaccines on the recommended immunization schedule to protect him from diseases.
What happens during a well child visit at 5 to 6 years:
Your child's healthcare provider may do the following:
- Chart your child's weight and height
- Check your child's vision, hearing, and blood pressure
- Talk to you about your child's physical activity, and time limits of less than 2 hours a day for TV, computers, or video games
- Talk to you about helping your child get ready to start school
- Ask how often you read with your child, and remind you to read text your child sees outside the home, such as street signs
- Ask how much sleep your child gets each night and how well he is sleeping
- Check your child's teeth or tell you to take him to a dentist, and talk to you about your child's tooth care routines
- Check for any changes in birthmarks, and talk to you about making sure your child wears sunscreen to prevent skin cancer
- Review home safety and water safety, such as not allowing your child to swim alone
- Make sure you are using seat belts and a booster seat in every car, and that the booster is installed properly in the back seat
- Talk to you about making sure your child uses bicycle and sports helmets
- Give your child any vaccines he needs (DTaP, polio, MMR, and chickenpox), and any catch-up doses of previous vaccines
Milestones of development your child may reach by 5 to 6 years:
Each child develops at his own pace. Your child might have already reached the following milestones, or he may reach them later:
- Show school readiness by being able to separate from parents, follow directions, and listen
- Know more than 2,000 words
- Balance on one foot, hop, and skip
- Ride a bicycle with training wheels or other help
- Write letters and numbers, copy squares and triangles, and count to at least 10
- Tell stories that are more complex
- Get dressed and undressed with little help, and tie his shoelaces
- Be able to say his address and phone number
- Print his first name
- Start to lose baby teeth
What you need to know about your child's next well child visit:
Your child's healthcare provider will tell you when to bring him in again. The next well child visit is usually at 7 to 8 years. Contact your child's healthcare provider if you have questions or concerns about his health or care before the next visit. Your child may need catch-up doses of the hepatitis B, hepatitis A, Tdap, MMR, or chickenpox vaccine. Remember to take your child in for a yearly flu vaccine.
Changes that may happen before the next well child visit:
Your child may develop friendships and have a best friend. He may start doing tasks around the house. He may enjoy reading on his own or solving math problems. Your child may learn to ride a bicycle without training wheels or start playing a sport.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.