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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is vulvovaginal candidiasis?
Vulvovaginal candidiasis, or yeast infection, is a common vaginal infection.
What causes vulvovaginal candidiasis?
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by a fungus, or yeast-like germ. Fungi are normally found in your vagina. When there are too many fungi, it can cause an infection. The following may increase your risk of vulvovaginal candidiasis:
- Medical conditions that suppress your immune system, such as diabetes or HIV and AIDS
- Medicines, such as antibiotics, birth control pills, or steroid medicine
- Contraceptive devices, such as diaphragms, sponges, and intrauterine devices
What are the signs and symptoms of vulvovaginal candidiasis?
- Thick, white, cheese-like discharge from your vagina
- Itching, swelling, or redness in your vagina
- Burning when you urinate
How is vulvovaginal candidiasis diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and examine you. He may also take a sample of your vaginal discharge.
How is vulvovaginal candidiasis treated?
With treatment, the infection is usually gone within a week:
- Antifungal medicine helps kill the fungus that is causing your vulvovaginal candidiasis. This medicine may be a pill. It may also be a topical cream or a suppository that you insert into your vagina.
- Topical steroid medicine decreases the itching, swelling, and redness that you may have around the outside of your vagina. Apply only to your vulva and areas outside of your vagina.
How can I manage my vulvovaginal candidiasis?
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Keep the vaginal area clean and dry.
- Wipe from front to back after you urinate or have a bowel movement.
- Do not have sex until your symptoms are gone.
- Do not douche.
- Do not use strong perfumes or soaps.
- Do not use feminine hygiene sprays, powders, or bubble bath.
How can I prevent another infection?
- Take showers instead of baths.
- Eat yogurt.
- Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.
- Limit your time in hot tubs.
- Control your blood sugar if you are diabetic.
When should I seek immediate care?
- You have fever and chills.
- You are bleeding from your vagina and it is not your monthly period.
- You develop abdominal or pelvic pain.
When should I contact my healthcare provider?
- Your signs and symptoms get worse, even after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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