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Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement


Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is a procedure to help remove excess fluid in the brain. The shunt consists of a catheter (tube), a valve, and a reservoir. The catheter is placed through the skull and into one of the ventricles (spaces) of the brain where the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collects. It is connected to a valve and then to another catheter that runs underneath the skin into the abdomen. The CSF flows out through the catheter and is absorbed into your body. The reservoir holds a small amount of the CSF until pressure opens the valve. The valve helps control the amount of drainage.


Follow up with your primary healthcare provider or surgeon as directed:

You will need to return to have your stitches removed. Your primary healthcare provider or surgeon will also check your progress. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Wound care:

Ask your primary healthcare provider or surgeon how to care for your surgical wounds.

Contact your primary healthcare provider or surgeon if:

  • Your wounds become swollen, red, more painful, or have pus coming from them.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have a fever.
  • Blood soaks through your bandage.
  • You have nausea or vomiting.
  • You have a stiff neck or trouble thinking clearly.
  • You have a severe headache.
  • You have a seizure.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.