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Ventral Hernia In Children


A ventral hernia is a bulge through an abnormal opening in the wall of your child's abdominal muscles. The bulge is often part of your child's intestine, but it may be also be tissue or fat. Two types of ventral hernias that occur in children are epigastric and spigelian. An epigastric hernia usually occurs above your child's belly button. A spigelian hernia is rare in children, but may occur on one side of your child's lower abdomen.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.


is a small tube placed in your child's vein that is used to give him medicine or liquids.


Your child may need any of the following:

  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help prevent or treat an infection caused by bacteria.
  • Pain medicine: Your child may need medicine to take away or decrease pain. Know how often your child should get the medicine and how much. Watch for signs of pain in your child. Tell caregivers if his pain continues or gets worse. To prevent falls, stay with your child to help him get out of bed.


  • Hernia reduction: Your child's healthcare provider may be able to push your child's hernia back into his abdomen without surgery. This is called reducing a hernia.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: During laparoscopic surgery, small incisions are made in your child's abdomen. Your child's healthcare provider will insert a scope and other tools through these incisions and fix his hernia. A scope is a long, bendable tube with a camera at the end. After your child's hernia is fixed, your child's healthcare provider will then stitch up his muscles and abdomen wall. Ask your child's healthcare provider for more information about this procedure.
  • Open surgery: During open surgery, his healthcare provider will make an incision in your child's abdomen to fix his hernia. Your child's healthcare provider will find your child's hernia and cut open the tissue surrounding it. He may remove extra fat or tissue.


  • Your child may have pain after surgery or get a seroma. A seroma is a pocket of fluid that may need to be removed using a needle. Your child may get an infection in his wound. He may also have an allergic reaction to the anesthesia medicine used during surgery. Your child's blood vessels may be damaged and he may bleed more than expected. Other organs in your child's abdomen may also be damaged. Your child's abdomen may swell if his healthcare provider pushes his hernia back into his abdomen. His bowel may also be damaged. Even with treatment, your child may get a hernia again and need surgery.
  • Without treatment, your child's hernia may become bigger or more painful. Your child may have pain that gets worse. Part of your child's bowel may be trapped or twisted and become blocked. This may stop your child from being able to have bowel movements. It may also cause decreased blood flow to your child's bowel and it may start to die. Your child may get a serious infection in his bowels or blood. This can be life-threatening.


You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Ventral Hernia In Children (Inpatient Care)

Associated drugs

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