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Transurethral Prostatectomy


A transurethral prostatectomy is surgery that is done to remove part or all of your prostate gland. This surgery is also called transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).

Male Reproductive System


Before your surgery:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
  • A pulse oximeter is a device that measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. A cord with a clip or sticky strip is placed on your finger, ear, or toe. The other end of the cord is hooked to a machine.
  • Telemetry is continuous monitoring of your heart rhythm. Sticky pads placed on your skin connect to an EKG machine that records your heart rhythm.
  • Anesthesia:
    • General anesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during surgery. Anesthesia may be given through your IV. You may instead breathe it in through a mask or a tube placed down your throat. The tube may cause you to have a sore throat when you wake up.
    • Regional anesthesia: Medicine is injected to numb the body area where the surgery or procedure will be done. You will remain awake during the surgery or procedure.

During your surgery:

Healthcare providers will insert a resectoscope through your urethra. A resectoscope is a tube with a small monitor on the end. The monitor will show your prostate on a screen for healthcare providers while they do surgery. Your bladder may be filled with fluid during surgery. Heat that is produced by the resectoscope will be used to remove part, or all, of your prostate. Heat will also be used to stop bleeding in the surgery area. Fluid will be used to wash away extra tissue and blood. The resectoscope will then be removed from your urethra. A Foley catheter (tube) will be put through your urethra and into your bladder. The catheter drains urine out of your body.

After your surgery:

You will be taken to a room to rest. Do not get out of bed until healthcare providers say it is okay. When healthcare providers see that you are okay, you will be taken to your room.

  • Foley catheter: Keep the bag of urine below your waist. Lifting the urine bag higher will make the urine flow back into your bladder and cause an infection. Do not pull on the catheter, because this may cause pain and bleeding, and the catheter may come out. Do not allow the catheter tubing to kink, because this will block the flow of urine. Healthcare providers will remove the catheter when you no longer need it.
  • Diuretic medicine: You may need diuretic medicine if you do not have enough sodium (salt) in your blood.


  • During surgery, you may bleed more than expected, and need a blood transfusion. Your prostate, bladder, or urethra may be damaged. After surgery, your urethra or part of your bladder may grow narrow. This can make it difficult or painful to urinate. You may feel like you need to urinate often, or have trouble controlling when you urinate. You may get blood clots in your urine that can block your urethra.
  • After surgery, you may get a urinary tract infection, or an infection in the surgery area. You may have trouble getting an erection or ejaculating. You may develop TURP syndrome, which can cause dizziness, fatigue, stomach pain, and vomiting. If you had a partial resection of the prostate, the part of your prostate that was not removed may grow too large. This can cause your signs and symptoms to return, and you may need to have surgery again.
  • Without TURP surgery, your prostate may grow larger, and your symptoms may get worse. Urine may not be able to flow through your urethra as it should. The urine may remain in your bladder, and cause an infection. Stones may form in your bladder and kidneys, and you may have blood in your urine. These problems can damage your bladder or urethra and over time may cause your kidneys to stop working. If you are unable to urinate on your own, a Foley catheter may need to stay in place to drain your urine.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Transurethral Prostatectomy (Inpatient Care)

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