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Syncope is also called fainting or passing out. Syncope is a sudden, temporary loss of consciousness, followed by a fall from a standing or sitting position.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Heart monitor:

This is also called an ECG or EKG. Sticky pads placed on your skin record your heart's electrical activity.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

A pulse oximeter

is a device that measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. A cord with a clip or sticky strip is placed on your finger, ear, or toe. The other end of the cord is hooked to a machine.


Medicines may be needed to treat any medical conditions that are causing your syncope. These may include medicines to help your heart pump strongly and regularly. Your healthcare provider may also make changes to any medicines that are causing syncope.


  • Blood tests may be done to find the cause of your syncope.
  • An arterial doppler test is done to check blood flow through an artery. A small metal disc with gel on will be placed on your skin over the artery. Healthcare providers may need to check blood flow more than once.
  • An echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound. Sound waves are used to show the structure and function of your heart.
  • Telemetry is continuous monitoring of your heart rhythm. Sticky pads placed on your skin connect to an EKG machine that records your heart rhythm.
  • A stress test may show the changes that take place in your heart while it is under stress. Stress may be placed on your heart with exercise or medicine. Ask for more information about this test.
  • A tilt table test checks to see what happens to your heart and your blood pressure when you change positions.


Syncope may be a sign that you have other health problems. Syncope caused by heart and brain problems is often serious and may be life-threatening.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Syncope (Inpatient Care)

Associated drugs

Micromedex® Care Notes

Mayo Clinic Reference