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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Open salpingo-oophorectomy is surgery to remove one or both fallopian tubes together with the ovaries.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
Before your surgery:
- Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
- An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
- An enema may be needed before surgery. This is liquid put into your rectum to help empty your bowel.
- A Foley catheter is a tube put into your bladder to drain urine into a bag. Keep the bag below your waist. This will prevent urine from flowing back into your bladder and causing an infection or other problems. Also, keep the tube free of kinks so the urine will drain properly. Do not pull on the catheter. This can cause pain and bleeding, and may cause the catheter to come out.
- Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable during the surgery. Caregivers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.
- General anesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during surgery. Anesthesia may be given through your IV. You may instead breathe it in through a mask or a tube placed down your throat. The tube may cause you to have a sore throat when you wake up.
- Local anesthesia is a shot of medicine put into the area where you will have surgery. It is used to numb the area and dull the pain. You may still feel pressure or pushing during surgery.
During your surgery:
Your surgeon will make an incision on your lower abdomen. He will use tools to pull the abdominal muscles to each side. He will make an incision near the uterus where your fallopian tubes and ovaries are attached. He will detach and remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Thin rubber tubes may be placed to drain blood from your incision. Your incision will be closed with stitches or surgical tape and covered with bandages. A vaginal pack or sanitary pad may be used to absorb the bleeding.
After your surgery:
You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Caregivers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your caregiver says it is okay. When your caregiver sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home or be taken to your hospital room. The bandages used to cover your stitches keep the area clean and dry to prevent infection. A caregiver may remove the bandages soon after your surgery to check your wound or drains.
- You may need to walk around the same day of surgery , or the day after. Movement will help prevent blood clots. You may also be given exercises to do in bed. Do not get out of bed on your own until your caregiver says you can. Talk to caregivers before you get up the first time. They may need to help you stand up safely. When you are able to get up on your own, sit or lie down right away if you feel weak or dizzy. Then press the call light button to let caregivers know you need help.
- Deep breathing and coughing will decrease your risk for a lung infection. Take a deep breath and hold it for as long as you can. Then let the air out and cough strongly. Deep breaths help open your airway. You may be given an incentive spirometer to help you take deep breaths. Put the plastic piece in your mouth and take a slow, deep breath. Then let the air out and cough. Repeat these steps 10 times every hour.
- You will be able to drink liquids and eat certain foods once your stomach function returns. You may be given ice chips at first. Then you will get liquids such as water, broth, juice, and clear soft drinks. If your stomach does not become upset, you may then be given soft foods, such as ice cream and applesauce. Once you can eat soft foods easily, you may slowly begin to eat solid foods.
- You may need to wear pressure stockings or inflatable boots after surgery. The stockings are tight and put pressure on your legs. The boots have an air pump that tightens and loosens different areas of the boots. Both of these improve blood flow and help prevent clots.
- Antibiotics help treat or prevent a bacterial infection.
- Antinausea medicine helps calm your stomach and prevents vomiting.
- Hormone medicines may be given to replace one or more female hormones in your body. Hormone medicines help decrease symptoms of early menopause. They also help decrease your risk of brittle or weak bones and certain cancers.
- Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
- You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. Your stomach, intestines, blood vessels, or nerves may get injured. You may feel pain and weakness in your abdominal muscles after the surgery. You could also have trouble breathing. There is a chance that your health problems may return. If you have cancer, there is a chance that you may still have it. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. This may become life-threatening.
- Without treatment, your health condition may worsen and cause further damage to your reproductive system. If you are at risk for cancer, your risk may increase. Once you have cancer, it may spread and other serious problems may develop. You may need more treatment, such as medicines and surgeries.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.