WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Obesity is a medical condition caused by too much body fat. Your healthcare provider will use your height and weight to calculate your body mass index (BMI). You are obese if your BMI is greater than 30. Obesity increases your risk for medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and certain types of cancer. Obesity is treated with lifestyle changes, and sometimes medicine or surgery. The goal of treatment is to help you lose weight so your health will improve. Even a small decrease in BMI can reduce the risk for health problems caused by obesity.
Seek care immediately if:
- You have a severe headache, confusion, or difficulty speaking.
- You have weakness on one side of your body.
- You have chest pain, sweating, or shortness of breath.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have symptoms of gallbladder or liver disease, such as pain in your upper abdomen.
- You have knee or hip pain and discomfort while walking.
- You have symptoms of diabetes, such as intense hunger and thirst, and frequent urination.
- You have symptoms of sleep apnea, such as snoring or daytime sleepiness.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Ask your healthcare provider to help you set a weight-loss goal. Keep appointments with your healthcare provider so that he can support you as you lose weight. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
How to be successful in losing weight:
- Set small, realistic goals. An example of a small goal is to walk for 20 minutes 5 days a week. Do not try to change everything at once.
- Tell friends, family members, and coworkers about your goals and ask for their support. Ask a friend to lose weight with you, or join a weight-loss support group.
- Identify foods or triggers that may cause you to overeat , and find ways to avoid them. Remove tempting high-calorie foods from your home and workplace. Place a bowl of fresh fruit on your kitchen counter. If stress causes you to eat, then find other ways to cope with stress.
- Keep a diary to track what you eat and drink, and your daily calorie intake. Also write down how many minutes of physical activity you do each day. Weigh yourself once a week and record it in your diary.
You will need to eat 500 to 1,000 fewer calories each day than you currently eat to lose 1 to 2 pounds a week. The following changes will help you cut calories:
- Eat smaller portions. Use small plates, no larger than 9 inches in diameter. Fill your plate half full of fruits and vegetables. Measure your food using measuring cups until you know what a serving size looks like.
- Eat 3 meals and 1 or 2 snacks each day. Plan your meals in advance. Cook and eat at home most of the time. Eat slowly.
- Eat fruits and vegetables at every meal. They are low in calories and high in fiber, which makes you feel full. Do not add butter, margarine, or cream sauce to vegetables. Use herbs to season steamed vegetables.
- Eat less fat and fewer fried foods. Eat more baked or grilled chicken and fish. These protein sources are lower in calories and fat than red meat. Limit fast food. Dress your salads with olive oil and vinegar instead of bottled dressing.
- Limit the amount of sugar you eat. Do not drink sugary beverages. Limit alcohol.
Physical activity is good for your body in many ways. It helps you burn calories and build strong muscles. It decreases stress and depression, and gives you an overall sense of wellbeing. It can also help you sleep better. Talk to your healthcare provider before you begin an exercise program.
- Exercise for at least 30 minutes 5 days a week. Start slowly. Set aside time each day for physical activity that you enjoy and that is convenient for you. It is best to do both weight training and an activity that increases your heart rate, such as walking, bicycling, or swimming.
- Find ways to be more active. Do yard work and housecleaning. Walk up the stairs instead of using elevators. Spend your leisure time going to events that require walking, such as outdoor festivals and art fairs. This extra physical activity can help you lose weight and keep it off.