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Non-penetrating Injuries To The Liver Or Spleen


  • Non-penetrating injuries are also called blunt injuries. These are injuries resulting from a direct force on the abdomen without an open wound. Blunt injuries to the liver or spleen may include tears, cuts, or bruises to the organ. These injuries may lead to internal bleeding due to organ rupture (burst) or blood vessel problems. The liver and spleen are large organs located at the upper area of the abdomen (stomach). Car accidents, falls, or blows to the abdomen may injure these organs. Broken ribs may pierce the liver or spleen inside your body.
  • You may have abdominal pain, especially when moving, and your abdomen may be hard and tender. There may be bruising, swelling, or scratches on the abdomen over the injured area. A complete check-up of your body, including your skin, chest, back, and abdomen, may help diagnose blunt injuries. Imaging tests that take pictures of your abdomen, such as x-rays, ultrasound, and computerized tomography (CT) scan, may be done. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, condition, and how severe your injuries are. Sometimes, watchful waiting may be all that is needed for mild injuries. You may have surgery or other procedures to treat bleeding or more severe organ injuries. With proper care and treatment, your liver or spleen may heal over time, and serious problems may be prevented.


Take your medicine as directed.

Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:

For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.


Rest when you feel it is needed. Slowly start to do more each day. Return to your daily activities as directed.

For more information:

Having a blunt injury to the liver or spleen may be hard. You and those close to you may feel scared, sad, or angry. These are normal feelings. Contact the following for more information:

  • American College of Surgeons
    633 N. Saint Clair St.
    Chicago , IL 606113211
    Phone: 1- 312 - 2025000
    Phone: 1- 800 - 6214111
    Web Address:


  • You have a fever.
  • Your skin becomes itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • You have chest pain or trouble breathing that is getting worse over time.
  • You have any questions or concerns about your condition, treatment, or care.


  • You have pain in your abdomen or it feels more full or tender than normal.
  • You feel dizzy all of a sudden or have vomiting.
  • You have a fast heartbeat.
  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and have trouble breathing.
  • You have new and sudden chest pain. You may have more pain when you take deep breaths or cough. You may cough up blood.
  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.