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Mmr Vaccine In Adults
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is the MMR vaccine?
The MMR vaccine is an injection given to help prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles causes a skin rash to appear on your head and upper neck. The rash may slowly spread to your hands and feet. Mumps can infect many parts of your body and usually causes inflammation of your parotid glands. These glands make saliva and are found in your cheeks. Rubella causes a skin rash that usually starts on your face. The rash may spread to your chest, abdomen, back, arms, and legs.
Who should get the MMR vaccine?
- Adults born before 1957 are considered immune. They do not need the MMR vaccine unless they work in healthcare.
- Adults born during or after 1957 may need 1 or 2 doses at least 4 weeks apart. The following adults may have a higher risk for infection:
- College students
- Healthcare workers
- Anyone who plans to travel internationally
- Anyone who has recently been near someone with measles, mumps, or rubella
- Anyone who lives in an area where measles, mumps, or rubella is common or there is an outbreak
- Anyone who has been vaccinated with nonliving measles vaccine or an unknown type of measles vaccine between 1963 and 1967
- Anyone who has been vaccinated with nonliving mumps vaccine or an unknown type of mumps vaccine before 1979 and are high risk (for example, a healthcare worker)
- Anyone who has not already had the MMR vaccine and who lives with a person who has a weak immune system
Who should not get the MMR vaccine?
- Anyone with a record of having 2 doses of the MMR vaccine
- Anyone who is immune to MMR as shown by a lab test
- Anyone who has had an allergic reaction to gelatin, antibiotic medicine, or a previous MMR vaccine
Who should wait to get the MMR vaccine?
- Anyone who is sick or has a fever should wait until they feel better to get the vaccine.
- A pregnant woman should wait to get the vaccine until after she is no longer pregnant. A woman should not get pregnant for 1 month after she gets the vaccine. A woman who is trying to get pregnant should wait until her healthcare provider says it is okay to get the vaccine.
- Anyone who has received other vaccines should wait at least 4 weeks before getting the MMR vaccine.
- Ask whether you should get the MMR vaccine if you:
- Are being treated with medicine that affects the immune system, such as steroids
- Have a disease that weakens the immune system, such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS
- Have a family member with a history of an immune system problem
- Have untreated, active tuberculosis (TB) or a history of blood problems, such as thrombocytopenia
- Have received a blood transfusion in the past 3 to 11 months
What are the risks of the MMR vaccine?
The area where the vaccine was given may be red, tender, or swollen. You may get a fever, mild rash, or swollen glands in your cheeks or neck. Your joints may be painful and inflamed. You may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine. The MMR vaccine may cause a low platelet count, which may lead to internal bleeding. This can be life-threatening.
Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:
- Your mouth and throat are swollen.
- You are wheezing or have trouble breathing.
- You have chest pain or your heart is beating faster than usual.
- You feel like you are going to faint.
When should I call my doctor?
- Your face is red or swollen.
- You have hives that spread over your body.
- You feel weak or dizzy.
- You have a fever or chills.
- You have swollen lymph glands in your cheeks or neck.
- Your joints are painful and swollen.
- You have increased pain, redness, or swelling around the area where the shot was given.
- You have questions or concerns about the MMR vaccine.
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