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Mmr Vaccine In Adults


The MMR vaccine

is an injection given to help prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles causes a skin rash to appear on your head and upper neck. The rash may slowly spread to your hands and feet. Mumps can infect many parts of your body and usually causes inflammation of your parotid glands. These glands make saliva and are found in your cheeks. Rubella causes a skin rash that usually starts on your face. The rash may spread to your chest, abdomen, back, arms, and legs.

Who should get the MMR vaccine:

  • Adults born before 1957 are considered immune. They do not need the MMR vaccine unless they work in healthcare.
  • Adults born during or after 1957 may need 1 or 2 doses at least 4 weeks apart. The following adults may have a higher risk for infection:
    • College students
    • Healthcare workers
    • Anyone who plans to travel internationally
    • Anyone who has recently been near someone with measles, mumps, or rubella
    • Anyone who lives in an area where measles, mumps, or rubella is common or there is an outbreak
    • Anyone who has been vaccinated with nonliving measles vaccine or an unknown type of measles vaccine between 1963 and 1967
    • Anyone who has been vaccinated with nonliving mumps vaccine or an unknown type of mumps vaccine before 1979 and who is a healthcare worker
    • Anyone who has not already had the MMR vaccine and who lives with a person who has a weak immune system

Who should not get the MMR vaccine:

  • Anyone who has had 2 doses of the MMR vaccine
  • Anyone who is immune to MMR as shown by a lab test
  • Anyone who has had an allergic reaction to gelatin, antibiotic medicine, or a previous MMR vaccine

Who should wait to get the MMR vaccine:

  • Anyone who is sick or has a fever should wait until they feel better to get the vaccine.
  • A pregnant woman should wait to get the vaccine until after she is no longer pregnant. A woman should not get pregnant for 1 month after she gets the vaccine. A woman who is trying to get pregnant should wait until her healthcare provider says it is okay to get the vaccine.
  • Anyone who has gotten other vaccines should wait at least 4 weeks before getting the MMR vaccine.
  • Ask whether you should get the MMR vaccine if you:
    • Are being treated with medicine that affects the immune system, such as steroids
    • Have a disease that weakens the immune system, such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS
    • Have a family member with a history of an immune system problem
    • Have untreated, active tuberculosis (TB) or a history of blood problems, such as thrombocytopenia
    • Have received a blood transfusion in the past 3 to 11 months

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

  • Your mouth and throat are swollen.
  • You are wheezing or have trouble breathing.
  • You have chest pain or your heart is beating faster than usual.
  • You feel like you are going to faint.

Call your doctor if:

  • Your face is red or swollen.
  • You have hives that spread over your body.
  • You feel weak or dizzy.
  • You have a fever or chills.
  • You have swollen lymph glands in your cheeks or neck.
  • Your joints are painful and swollen.
  • You have increased pain, redness, or swelling around the area where the shot was given.
  • You have questions or concerns about the MMR vaccine.

Apply a warm compress

to the injection area as directed to decrease pain and swelling.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Ā© Copyright IBM Corporation 2018 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotesĀ® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Mmr Vaccine In Adults (Ambulatory Care)

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