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Lung Ventilation And Perfusion (vq) Scan, Ambulatory Care
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A VQ scan
is a test used to show the air flow and blood flow in your lungs. It is usually done if your healthcare provider thinks you have a pulmonary embolism (blood clot). A pulmonary embolism (PE) may be caused by a blood clot that travels from your leg to your lungs. A PE can become life-threatening. Your healthcare provider will use the results of the scan and other tests to determine if you have a PE. A VQ scan may also be helpful in diagnosing other problems in your lungs.
How do I prepare for a VQ scan?
Your healthcare provider will talk to you about how to prepare for the test. He may tell you not to wear anything with metal hooks or snaps. The hooks and snaps may make it difficult for your healthcare provider to see any blockage. Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Radiation exposure may harm your baby. You may need to pump and save your breast milk up to 2 days before your scan. This allows you to bottle feed your breast milk to your baby after the scan.
What will happen during the VQ scan?
A VQ scan is usually done in 2 stages, one to check air flow and one to check blood flow. You will be awake for the scan. You will have to lie very still during the scan. Your healthcare provider may give you medicine to help you relax. A breathing mask is placed over your nose and mouth, during the air flow stage. You will breathe in a small amount of a radioactive substance as the scanner takes pictures. You will be asked to hold your breath for a few seconds at the beginning of each picture. For the blood flow stage, a small amount of radioactive liquid will be injected into a vein in your arm. The scanner will take pictures of the blood flow in your lungs.
What are the risks of a VQ scan?
There is a rare chance that the radioactive materials may cause an allergic reaction such as a rash. If you are breastfeeding, you may have you stop for up to 48 hours. Radioactive materials can be transferred to your baby through your breast milk. You will need to express your milk and pour it out for as long as directed. You will need to bottle feed your saved breast milk to your baby after your scan.
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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