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Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A laparoscopic tubal ligation is surgery to close your fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
Before your surgery:
- Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
- An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
- Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable during the surgery. Caregivers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.
- General anesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during surgery. Anesthesia may be given through your IV. You may instead breathe it in through a mask or a tube placed down your throat. The tube may cause you to have a sore throat when you wake up.
- Local anesthesia is a shot of medicine put into the area where your surgery will be done. It is used to numb the area and dull the pain. You may still feel pressure or pushing during surgery.
During your surgery:
One or more small incisions will be made in your abdomen. The scope and other instruments will be inserted into the incisions. Your abdomen may be filled with a gas called carbon dioxide. This makes it easier for your surgeon to see inside your abdomen. Your fallopian tubes then are closed with a type of clip or heat, or they are cut. After the surgery is done, the incisions are closed with stitches or staples.
After your surgery:
You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Caregivers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your caregiver says it is okay. When your caregiver sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home or be taken to your hospital room. A bandage will cover the staples or stitches closing the incisions in your abdomen.
- You will be able to drink liquids and eat certain foods once your stomach function returns. You may be given ice chips at first. Then you will get liquids such as water, broth, juice, and clear soft drinks. If your stomach does not become upset, you may then be given soft foods, such as ice cream and applesauce. Once you can eat soft foods easily, you may slowly begin to eat solid foods.
- Antibiotics help prevent a bacterial infection.
- Antinausea medicine helps calm your stomach and prevents vomiting.
- Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
You may bleed more than expected, have trouble breathing, or get an infection. Blood vessels or organs such as your bowel or bladder could be injured during surgery. Although pregnancy is unlikely after a tubal ligation, there is still a small chance that you may get pregnant. If pregnancy does occur, there is an increased risk for an ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy). A tubal ligation can be reversed, but it does not mean you will be able to get pregnant again.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.