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Intravenous Pyelogram


  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray to see the urinary tract. An IVP uses x-ray dye to show the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the back abdomen, on both sides of the spine. They filter the blood to rid waste products from the body and make urine. The urine flows from each kidney through a tube called a ureter. The ureters carry the urine to the bladder, where it is stored for a short time. The urine can then pass out of the body through another tube called the urethra.
    Urinary System
  • During the IVP, a small amount of dye is placed in your vein (blood vessel) through an intravenous tube (IV). The dye helps your caregiver to better see your urinary tract. With IVP, your caregiver will be able to see how well your urine drains. He also may be able to check your urine flow after surgery, and find conditions that affect the urinary tract. Problems after an injury, infections, swelling, stones, and blockages can be seen with an IVP. For some people, other procedures like ultrasound or CT scan can be done instead of an IVP.


Take your medicine as directed.

Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

  • Antihistamines: These are medicines used to treat allergies and itching.
  • Antinausea medicine: This medicine may be given to calm your stomach and prevent vomiting.
  • Pain medicine: You may need medicine to take away or decrease pain.
    • Learn how to take your medicine. Ask what medicine and how much you should take. Be sure you know how, when, and how often to take it.
    • Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease.
    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling someone when you get out of bed or if you need help.

Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:

For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.

  • Ask your caregiver how to get the results of your IVP.

Eat healthy foods:

Choose healthy foods from all the food groups every day. Include whole-grain bread, cereal, rice, and pasta. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, including dark green and orange vegetables. Include dairy products such as low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese. Choose protein sources, such as lean beef and chicken, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. Ask how many servings of fats, oils, and sweets you should have each day, and if you need to be on a special diet.

Drinking liquids:

Drink 9 to 13 (eight ounce) cups of liquid each day. This may help you get rid of the remaining dye inside your body. Follow your caregiver's advice if you must change the amount of liquid you drink. Good choices for most people to drink include water, juice, and milk. If you are used to drinking liquids that contain caffeine, such as coffee, count these in your daily liquid amount. Some food items such as soup and fruit also add liquid to your diet. Ask your caregiver how much liquid you should have each day.


  • You have a fever.
  • You have blood in your urine.
  • You have chills or feel weak and achy.
  • You have nausea (upset stomach) or vomiting (throwing up).
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • You have questions or concerns about your procedure, condition, or care.


  • You are urinating less or not at all.
  • You have lower abdominal (stomach) pain or back pain that does not go away.
  • You have problems having a bowel movement or passing urine.
  • You have trouble breathing all of a sudden.
  • Your signs and symptoms are getting worse.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.