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Intra-aortic Balloon Counterpulsation Pump
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
An intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation pump (IABP) is a device that is used for a short time to help your heart work normally. It allows more blood to flow into your heart and more blood to be pumped out to your body.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
Before your procedure:
- Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
- An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
- Local anesthesia is a shot of medicine put into the area where the catheter will be inserted. It is used to numb the area and dull the pain. You may still feel pressure or pushing during the procedure.
During your procedure:
- You will get medicine to decrease or prevent pain during the procedure. A small incision will be made through the skin in your groin and into the artery beneath the skin. If the artery in your groin cannot be used, your caregiver will choose a different blood vessel. The catheter may be put in through your chest and into your aorta. Your caregiver will use a type of x-ray called fluoroscopy to watch the catheter as it is inserted. He will also use it to check that the catheter is in the correct place.
- A plastic graft (small tube) will be put into the artery to hold it open. A catheter will be threaded through the artery until it enters the aorta, and is near your heart. When the catheter is in place, the graft will be removed, and the catheter will be left in your aorta. The end of the catheter will be secured to your skin to stop it from coming out. The area will be covered with bandages.
After your procedure:
You will be taken to a room to rest. Do not get out of bed until your caregiver says it is okay. You will need to lie flat in bed for a few hours. If the catheter was inserted in your groin, keep your leg on that side straight. Do not move your leg. Caregivers will monitor you closely for any problems. When caregivers see that you are okay, you may be taken to your hospital room. The bandages used to cover your stitches keep the area clean and dry to help prevent infection. Caregivers may remove the bandage soon after your procedure to check the area.
- Antibiotics help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
- Blood thinners help stop clots from forming in your blood. Blood thinners may be given before, during, and after your procedure.
- Prescription medicine may be given to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.
You may have bleeding, an infection, or trouble breathing. You may get a blood clot in your leg or arm. This may become life-threatening. Blood flow to your leg may get blocked. This could cause the tissue in your leg to die. The tissue may need to be removed. The IABP balloon may burst inside your aorta, and the air inside the balloon may leak out. You may have chronic (long-term) pain, even with an IABP. The IABP may not help your heart condition. If you do not have this procedure, poor blood flow in your heart or heart failure may worsen. This could be life-threatening.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.