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Induced Thyroid Disorders
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
- Induced thyroid disorders may happen as an effect of certain medicines or treatments. Certain medicines or treatments can cause your thyroid gland to make too much or not enough thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ that is found in the front part of your neck. Thyroid hormones are special chemicals that help control your body's functions, including body temperature, heart rate, and growth.
- Amiodarone, lithium, and interferon are medicines that can lead to thyroid disorders. Radiation treatment may also cause thyroid disorders. You may have signs and symptoms of high or low amounts of thyroid hormones. Blood tests, thyroid scan, ultrasound, and biopsy are used to check for thyroid disorders. Treatment may include antithyroid medicines, thyroid hormone replacement, or radioactive iodine. Surgery to remove the thyroid gland may also be needed. Finding and treating thyroid disorders will decrease or take away your signs and symptoms such as weight gain or loss, sleepiness, or anxiety. Treatment will also help prevent other medical conditions that can occur with thyroid disorders.
AFTER YOU LEAVE:
Take your medicine as directed.
Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:
For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.
- You may need to have blood drawn at least every 3 to 6 months. Ask your caregiver when to come back and how often you need your blood tested.
Your body uses a lot of energy when it has too much thyroid hormone. You may need to eat more food to give your body the extra energy it needs. Ask your caregiver which foods are best for you, and if you need to follow a special diet.
- Eat a variety of healthy foods: This may help you have more energy and heal faster. Healthy foods include fruit, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meat, and fish. Ask if you need to be on a special diet.
- Drink liquids as directed: Adults should drink between 9 and 13 eight-ounce cups of liquid every day. Ask what amount is best for you. For most people, good liquids to drink are water, juice, and milk.
- Get plenty of exercise: Talk to your caregiver about the best exercise plan for you. Exercise can decrease your blood pressure and improve your health.
- Do not smoke: If you smoke, it is never too late to quit. You are more likely to have heart disease, lung disease, cancer, and other health problems if you smoke. Quitting smoking will improve your health and the health of those around you. If you smoke, ask for information about how to stop.
- Manage stress: Stress may slow healing and cause illness. Learn new ways to relax, such as deep breathing.
For more information:
Having induced thyroid disorders may be hard. You and those close to you may feel scared, angry, or sad. These are normal feelings. Talk to your caregivers, family, or friends about your feelings. Contact the following for more information:
- American Thyroid Association
6066 Leesburg Pike, Suite 550
Falls Church , VA 22041
Phone: 1- 703 - 998-8890
Phone: 1- 800 - 849-7643
Web Address: www.thyroid.org
CONTACT A CAREGIVER IF:
- You have a fever.
- You feel very nervous and restless.
- You have pain, redness, and swelling in your muscles and joints.
- Your voice becomes hoarse or you have itchiness in your throat.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or medicines.
SEEK CARE IMMEDIATELY IF:
- You have chest pains or trouble breathing all of a sudden.
- You have swelling in your legs, ankles, or feet.
- You just fainted or had a seizure (convulsion).
- Your heart is beating very fast and you are becoming very restless.
- Your signs and symptoms return or become worse.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.