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Hydrocephalus in Children


Hydrocephalus is a condition that is caused by too much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the ventricles of your child's brain. Ventricles are spaces inside the brain where cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced. CSF surrounds the brain and spinal cord. CSF is constantly being made and absorbed by your child's body. It moves through ventricles before it drains out and gets absorbed into his bloodstream. When CSF cannot drain properly, the fluid pressure may cause the ventricles to swell.



Follow up with your child's neurologist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

Your child may need more rest than he realizes as he heals.

Quiet play will keep your child safely busy so he does not become restless and risk hurting himself. Have your child read or draw quietly when he is awake. Follow instructions for how much rest your child should get while he heals.

Keep your child away from people who have colds and the flu.

Also try to keep your child away from large groups of people while he is recovering from surgery. This decreases your child's chance of getting sick or getting an infection.

For support and more information:

  • Hydrocephalus Association
    870 Market Street, Suite 955
    San Francisco , CA 94102
    Phone: 1- 415 - 732-7040
    Phone: 1- 888 - 598-3789
    Web Address:
  • The Hydrocephalus Foundation, Inc.
    910 Rear Broadway
    Saugus , MS 01906
    Phone: 1- 781 - 942-1161
    Web Address:

Contact your child's neurologist if:

  • Your child has a fever.
  • Your child becomes more fussy, restless, or sleepy than usual.
  • Your child seems confused or does not know his family or friends.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your child's headache is getting worse, even after you give him pain medicine.
  • Your child has trouble hearing, talking, or seeing.
  • Your child has a bulging fontanel (soft spot on the top of his head).
  • Your child has problems walking or weakness in an arm or leg.
  • Your child has a seizure.
  • Your child is vomiting and cannot keep any liquids down.
  • Your child has a shunt and he has pain in his abdomen.

Learn more about Hydrocephalus in Children (Aftercare Instructions)

Associated drugs

IBM Watson Micromedex

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.