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Heart Block


Heart block is a problem with the flow of electrical signals in your heart. The electrical signals control the way your heart beats. With heart block, these signals are delayed or interrupted. This affects the way your heart pumps blood.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


  • Heart medicine helps your heart beat more regularly.
  • Antiplatelets help prevent blood clots. This medicine makes it more likely for you to bleed or bruise.
  • Blood thinners keep blood clots from forming. Clots may cause heart attacks, strokes, or death. This medicine makes it more likely for you to bleed or bruise.


  • Blood tests may be done to check for infection, electrolyte levels, or other causes of heart block.
  • A chest x-ray will show the size of your heart and check for fluid in your lungs.
  • An exercise stress test helps healthcare providers see the changes that take place in your heart while it is under stress. Healthcare providers may place stress on your heart with exercise or medicine. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about this test.


An EKG or heart monitor records your heart rhythm and how fast your heart beats. It is used to check the electrical activity to see if there is damage to your heart.


You may need a pacemaker. This is a small device to help your heart beat at a normal speed and in a regular rhythm. It may be temporary or permanent. A temporary pacemaker is a short-term treatment in the hospital. The pacemaker is applied to your skin with sticky pads or placed into a vein in your neck or chest. A pacing device helps keep your heartbeat stable. A permanent pacemaker is put under the skin of your chest or abdomen during surgery. A tiny battery creates electrical impulses that keep your heart rate regular.


You may develop blood clots that lead to a heart attack or stroke. These conditions may be life-threatening. Heart block may lead to other heart conditions, such as an uneven heartbeat. Without treatment, health conditions that are causing your heart block may not be diagnosed. These health conditions may get worse over time.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.