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Galveston Orientation And Amnesia Test


  • The Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT) is a tool caregivers use to test a person's memory after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The GOAT helps caregivers learn how much the person remembers about himself and his injury. It also tests what he knows about where he is and what day it is. The GOAT helps caregivers learn when the person is remembering information more easily. Car accidents, falls, and being hit in the head with objects (a baseball bat, for example) can cause a TBI. After a TBI, a person may have trouble remembering events and other facts. This is called post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). Results of the GOAT can help caregivers plan care for a person who has had a brain injury.
  • The Orientation Log (O-Log) is used to find out how much new information a person can learn. It is also used with people who have PTA because of a brain injury. The O-Log helps caregivers predict how the person will do six months, and one year after the injury.


Keep a list of medicines:

Keep a written list of medicines, including the amounts, and when and why they are needed. Bring the list of medicines or the pill bottles to caregiver appointments. Ask caregivers if ibuprofen or another over-the-counter medicine may be used to decrease swelling and pain. Over-the-counter medicine, vitamins, herbs, or food supplements should not be used without asking caregivers.

Give medicine as directed:

Always give medicine as directed by caregivers. Call caregivers if you think the medicines are not helping or if there are side effects. Some medicines may cause tiredness. Tell the person taking them to avoid activities that he must be alert to do. Do not stop giving the person his medicines until you talk to caregivers. Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. This may cause a very serious illness called Reye's syndrome. Reye's syndrome can lead to brain and liver damage. Read medicine labels to see if your child's medicine has aspirin in it.

Ask caregivers when to return for a follow-up visit:

Go to all of your appointments. Write down any questions you may have. This way you will remember to ask these questions during the next visit. Injuries that have stitches or need bandages must be kept clean. Ask caregivers how to clean and bandage wounds.


If you are with a person who has had a TBI, call a caregiver if:
  • The person suddenly gets dizzy.
  • The person suddenly has trouble remembering things.
  • The person's wound starts bleeding, or the stitches come out.


If you are with a person who has had a TBI, call 911 or seek care right away if:
  • You have trouble waking the person up.
  • The person begins to vomit (throw up).
  • The person says that his vision is blurry, or he is seeing double.
  • The person does not know where he is, or does not know people that he knew before the injury.
  • The person's speech is hard to understand.
  • The person's arms or legs get weak, or he says that he cannot feel them. He may have trouble walking, lose his balance, or fall down.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.